Speech Sounds

1-2 Years

Speech sounds are the sounds we make, using our mouth, to form words. To make sounds the brain needs an idea to communicate, then it send the idea to the mouth telling it which words to say and the sounds to make. This includes signals to the muscles that control the tongue, lips and jaw.

By two years old children will usually:

  • Sounds m,n,p,b,t,d,w may be present.
  • Likely to be missing out or changing sounds in words.

You can help by:

  • Encourage your child’s ability to listen e.g., point out every day noises, sing songs & nursery rhymes, play Simon says/ musical chairs/shopping games etc.
  • Encourage your child to look at you and listen before talking to them
  • Play with your child and listen out for what they say
  • Acknowledging to the child that you have not understood, and ask them to tell you again. If you still don’t understand, ask him/her to show you what he means if possible.