Expressive language means your child’s use of language, e.g. learning to say new words and putting them together. This can also include non-verbal communication, such as use of gestures. As children develop, they grow their vocabulary and use longer, more complex sentences.
By 2 years old, children will usually:
- use around 50 or more single words, like ‘juice’, ‘car, ‘biscuit’,‘mummy’, ‘swing’, and ‘ball’
- words might not all be clear to everyone
- start to put short sentences together with two to three words, such as ‘more juice’, ‘bye-bye daddy’, and ‘my car’
- start to ask simple questions such as “What that?” or “Who that?” They might do this quite a lot!
You can help your child by:
- Talking with them and commenting on what is happening – this teaches them new words
- Sharing books and nursery rhymes with them
- Playing with sounds and words, e.g. making animal noises in play, or rhyming words
- Repeating back and adding one word to what they say, e.g. if they say ‘dog’, repeat back, ‘big dog’.
- Spending time outside talking as you explore together and listening to the sounds you hear
- Singing nursery rhymes and songs together- don’t
- Sharing books and talking about the pictures
- Repeat and expand on what your child says – add one word, e.g. if they say “car”, repeat “blue car”